Nutrient "NPK's" Formulations
All plants, whether they are grown in soil or with
hydroponics require a balance of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium
(N-P-K) and trace elements to grow properly.
nutrients are available to plants in soil in small amounts, but over
time they get depleted and need to be supplied separately to make up
the deficit. In hydroponics, it is all the more important to ensure
that plants get the right nutrients in the right amounts.
Hydroponics formulations are structured for specific
stages of plant life cycle. A plants nutrients requirements vary
according to the stages of its life cycle. When plants are in the
vegetative stage, they require greater amounts of nitrogen, which is
the key element in development of leaves and stems. Deficiency of
nitrogen during the growth period leads to stunted growth with
yellowing of leaves. This is the most commonly seen deficiency in
plants. During the flowering cycle, the ratio of nitrogen, the plant
requires less nitrogen more phosphorus and potassium.
Nitrogen is essential for plant growth. Nitrogen
is a part of every living cell. The two forms of nitrogen which
plants take up are in the ammonia (NH4) and nitrate (N03) ion forms.
Most agronomic crops take up most of their nitrogen in the nitrate
ion form. Plants will utilize N in the (NH4) ion form if present and
available to the plant. Lack of nitrogen and chlorophyll means that
plants cannot utilize sunlight as an energy source to carry on
essential functions such as nutrient uptake. Research has proven
foliar or leaf applications of nitrogen is one form of application
that can supplement a plants nitrogen requirements during the
is necessary for chlorophyll synthesis and as a part of the
chlorophyll molecule is involved in photosynthesis.
is also a component of amino acids.
is needed for growth of plants.
Phosphate is a very important plant nutrient (macro-nutrient) needed for
the plant to complete its normal production cycle. The highest level of
P in young plants is found in tissue at the growing stage. As plants
mature most of the P moves into the flower and then to the seed or
is needed for photosynthesis.
is necessary for plant respiration.
is essential for energy storage and transfer.
is needed for cell division.
is necessary for cell enlargement.
is essential for several other plant processes.
An important function of Potassium is its influence in efficient water
use. It helps in the process of opening and closing of plant leaf pores,
called the stomata. Potassium is found in cell walls which surround
stomata. Adequate amounts of Potassium can increase stress conditions on
plants during drought conditions. Potassium is also responsible for
producing quality crops.
is essential for protein synthesis.
is important in the breakdown of carbohydrates, providing energy for
helps to control ionic balance
is important in the translocation of minerals.
helps plants to overcome effects of disease.
is essential in the fruit formation stage.
helps improve shelf life of fruits and vegetables.
is involved in the activation of more than 60 enzymes which regulate the
rates of major plant growth reactions.
When it comes to nutrients and proper
formulations, everyone has questions. The good news for you is that we
have the answers. The key hydroponics can be directly
associated with nutrients and lighting. With out the proper amount of
either your plants will be in trouble. For that matter too much of
either is also not a good idea. If you can't find the answers you are
looking for on our website, call us or come to our store and talk to one
of our knowledgeable staff members.